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This activity contains 25 questions.
Professor Smith is a ________, a scientist studying various aspects of aging.
Which of the following statements is true about the value of mental exercise?
Brain mass in older rats decreases in very stimulating environments.
Older adults who continue to challenge themselves can delay or even reverse losses in function associated with primary aging.
Elderly individuals may have some cognitive deficits, but their reaction time and vocabulary size actually increase.
Non-bridge players scored better on memory tests than bridge players, suggesting that games do not provide enough stimulation.
Maximum human lifespan seems to be around ________.
Current research suggests that the brain has about ________ neurons.
Another name for age-related physical deteriorations is ________.
Mrs. Barrington seemed quite healthy until just the last few years before her death. All of a sudden she had one health crisis after another across a variety of body systems. Mrs. Barrington's sudden decline is consistent with ________.
terminal drop hypothesis
free radical theory
Alzheimer's is a form of ________.
Which of the following groups is most likely to commit suicide?
Elderly Caucasian women
Elderly African American men
Elderly African American women
Elderly Caucasian men
Frail elderly are the individuals who are so physically or mentally impaired that they cannot care for themselves.
Most elderly adults regard their health as fair or poor.
Some older adults experience a larger
in their field of vision caused by decreased blood flow.
Chronic depressed mood in older adults that does not rise to the level of clinical depression is called geriatric dysthymia.
Lucille believes she should enjoy life and stay as busy as her body will let her, in spite of her 79 years. Lucille's attitude represents the ________ theory of aging.
Declines in cognitive functioning might be delayed if the individual is willing to learn new things, what developmentalists call ________.
Which of the following statements is correct about religious coping?
Church involvement and depressive symptoms are negatively correlated among cancer patients.
Hispanics are more likely to use religious coping than other racial or ethnic groups.
Men tend to rely on religious coping more than women do.
People with strong religious beliefs are less likely to think that their lives served a purpose.
Due to his chronic arthritis and diabetes-related complications, Garrett is now using a wheelchair to get around most of the time. Although his home is not designed to accomodate his wheelchair, he has no intentions of going in an assisted living facility. Instead, he has had modifications made to his home to accomodate his loss of function making him an example of a person who is ________.
functionally dependent on technology
aging in place
Yong Lee feels very strongly that when his mother is too old and frail to care for herself, it is his duty to care for her, no matter what the cost or time commitment involved. Yong Lee believes in ________.
Which of the following is true regarding marriage and elderly adults?
Older adults report higher levels of pleasure and lower levels of conflict than younger adults.
In Sternberg's terms, marriage in late adulthood is consummate rather than companionate.
Marriage in late adulthood is based more on mutual disclosure than mutual investment.
Researchers studying homosexual relationships in late adulthood have not found many similarities in the type of relationship or bond between individuals.
With regard to friendships in late adulthood, which statement is correct?
Friendships, although important, cannot provide the kind of support network that family provides.
For older adults, friendships diminish in number from age 65 on.
Among the elderly, contact with friends has diminishing influence on life satisfaction or self-esteem.
Older adults' friends usually do not come from the same generational cohort because of disparities in health and activity level.
Which statement accurately describes racial or gender differences in social networks?
Older women tend to have larger, closer networks of friends than men have.
Caucasian women tend to have warmer relationships with their siblings than African American women.
Men have larger social networks because they are not as intimate and value such relationships less.
In late adulthood, men's friendships involve more disclosure than women's.
Which of the following best reflects the effects of retirement on the elderly?
Most elderly today had better jobs, therefore better retirement circumstances than ever before.
The number of retirees living in poverty has increased over the past two decades.
If you factor in medicare benefits, paid housing, and other government benefits, many elderly adults live better than they did when they were working.
Data suggests that income declines by about 50% after retirement.
Some suggest that the greatest obstacle to the employment of older workers is ________.
current unemployment trends
employers' fears that the elderly not learn new job skills
lack of advanced education
declining physical health
Research suggests that people who regularly attend church are more likely to comply with medical advice.
In Western cultures, filial piety is based on affection not on a sense of duty.
For married elderly people with disabilities, adult children are the largest source of assistance, not the spouse, as conventional wisdom suggests.
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