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This activity contains 25 questions.
Wanda is only 35 years old but she looks closer to 50. She smokes 2 packs of cigarettes per day and drinks heavily on the weekend. She has a chronic cough and seems to catch every little "bug" that comes along. She works outside and refuses sunscreen, consequently the tan everyone admired when she was ten years younger has left her looking twenty years older! Wanda's problems are attributable to ________.
general health predisposition
With regard to brain development in early adulthood, which of the following statements is true?
Neurologists suspect that the final growth spurt in the brain occurs in the hippocampus around age 19 or 20.
Because brain growth peaks around age 19, if someone has not achieved formal operations by then, they probably won't.
Growth spurts of the brain cease around age 20 or 21.
Neurologists suspect that cognitive changes in early adulthood are the result of changes in the brain.
According to physicians, infertility is defined as:
the inability to get pregnant.
failure to ovulate.
failure to conceive after 12 consecutive months of unprotected intercourse.
inability to conceive a child after repeated attempts under the care of a physician.
Sharon contracted chlamydia but did not have symptoms, so her illness went untreated for a long time. She eventually developed another illness, because of the untreated chlamydia, that left her infertile. Sharon most likely contracted ________.
pelvic inflammatory disease
According to psychologist Albert Bandura, __________ is the belief in one's ability to reach a goal or make something happen by controlling one's behavior or environment or performing a specific action.
All of the following are associated with women who have been abused, EXCEPT:
Which statement best describes why there are different rates of mental illness between young and middle-aged adults?
Individuals in middle-age must face age-related health declines.
Middle-age lends itself to questioning one's mortality and purpose, leading to a higher rate of suicide.
One period has dramatically higher expectations and levels of role conflict than the other.
Young adults are more flexible and able to adapt to changes in their lives.
A(n) ________ is an irrational fear of an object, a person, a place, or a situation.
________ is a form of thought that recognizes and accepts paradox and uncertainty.
Alcohol and other drug problems are more likely to occur in
victims and abusers than among non-abusive partners.
Women are more likely to become addicted to drugs than men are.
Fluid intelligence depends highly on life experience.
According to Levinson's theory, everyone has an underlying pattern or design to their life at any given time. This pattern, which includes roles, relationships, and behavior patterns, is called a(n) ________.
Dennis and Debbie get along well because they respect each other, even when they disagree. They are both good listeners and say that they will remain married as long as they live. According to your text, Dennis and Debbie are a ________ couple.
Which of the following statements is true regarding the effects of divorce?
Recently separated adults are less prone to depression.
Recently separated adults are less likely to miss work.
Recently separated adults are less likely to commit suicide.
Recently separated adults are less likely to have high self-esteem.
Which of the following represents a true difference between homosexual and heterosexual couples?
Homosexual couples are more egalitarian than heterosexual couples.
Contented heterosexual couples are more likely than homosexual couples to have chosen partners with whom they have much in common.
Homosexual couples place greater value on attachment security.
The topics of arguments are dramatically different for homosexual couples.
Coralyn has a large extended family. She is the one who usually organizes family functions and she is the one who remembers everyone's birthdays. Developmentalists would call Coralyn the family's ________.
All of the following statements about occupational choice are true, EXCEPT:
Families influence their children's occupations through their value systems.
Parental moral beliefs influence children's occupational choices.
Young adults whose parents are college educated are more likely to enlist in the military.
To a degree, young adults tend to choose an occupation of a similar social level to that of their parents.
The series of milestones associated with a particular occupation are called ________.
a career ladder
the carrots and the sticks
Which statement best describes a possible reason that women feel more role conflict (parent, worker, spouse) than men?
Men are expected to be the "breadwinners" while women are expected to be "nurturers."
Cultural prescriptions lead to guilt feelings.
Pressure from family to conform to standards of previous generations.
Women do more work than men.
According to Levinson, marriage requires a new life structure.
Women whose bodies produce unusually low levels of steroid hormones toward the end of pregnancy are more likely to develop postpartum depression.
Marital satisfaction among childless couples fluctuates more over time than among couples with children.
Studies show that Hispanic young adults value family ties more than other racial or ethnic groups.
Some psychologists fear that internet dating has a negative impact on the social skills of young people.
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