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This activity contains 25 questions.
Which of the following statements is true regarding physical development in middle childhood?
By age 10, boys have begun to outpace girls in overall growth rate.
Between ages 6 and 12, children grow an average of ½ to 1 inch per year.
Girls in this age range tend to be slower and weaker, but more coordinated than boys.
Brain development during middle childhood tends to slow, with no remarkable spurts.
Sarah asked John to hand her a spoon from the drawer. "It's in the drawer on your left," she said. Sarah's directions to John indicate her ________.
relative right-left orientation
Which of the following statements is true regarding language development?
Children in middle childhood increase their vocabulary by 10,000 to 15,000 per year.
By the beginning of middle childhood, children can speak persuasively and maintain conversations appropriately and effectively.
Children in middle childhood still have considerable difficulty with tenses in speech.
By age 5 or 6, most children have mastered their basic language skills.
Pigs are animals; hammers are tools. A child who understands this understands the concept known as ________.
Some kinds of information become so ingrained in the long-term memory that recall is very quick -- without the need for short-term memory capacity. This is called ________.
Tests that are scored based on a comparison to the average test score of a larger sample are called ________ tests.
Which of the following is true regarding second- language learners?
Only about half of the children in public schools speak English well enough to function in school
As of 2001, there were nearly 1 million non-English speaking students in U.S. schools.
Bi-lingual education is the required standard in all schools dealing with LEP students.
Almost half of U.S. classrooms have at least one LEP student.
The tendency to focus on the details of a task is called ________.
a differential style
an educational style
an analytical style
a relational style
Obesity is the most serious long-term health risk in middle childhood.
Decentration is thinking that cannot take multiple variables into account.
Mathematical/spatial intelligence is one of three types of intelligence suggested by Sternberg.
Micayla does not like to get stuck in the details. She prefers to focus on the "big picture." Micayla uses a relational style.
The fourth of Freud's psychosexual stages, during which the libido is dormant in favor of same sex peer relationships, is called ________.
After being scolded by her mother for picking up glass candle sticks in the living room, Melanie will no longer touch them, even when alone. By not touching the candle sticks when unobserved, she is demonstrating:
Which of the following is true regarding children and their relationships in middle childhood?
Rival relationships occur more when siblings differ in age by more than 4 years.
Research suggests that children without siblings are at a slight disadvantage, socially.
Sibling relationships are less central to children than relationships with peers or friends.
Elementary school-aged children are more likely to turn to a sibling for affection than to a parent.
Keisha is aware that she is not liked by the other kids in her class and tends to isolate herself instead of trying to make new friends. This causes her to feel very lonely. Which of the following classifications best describes Keisha's social status?
Bruce describes himself as strong and trustworthy. Bruce is able to understand the ________.
Which of the following is true regarding self-care children?
Research suggests that self-care children are poorly adjusted in their peer relationships and school performance.
Developmentalists agree that children under the age of 12 should not be left alone for more than an hour at a time.
The effects of self-care are independent of behavioral history, age and gender.
In the United States, about 5 million children are left alone after school.
Which statement is true regarding poverty effects?
Low-income children exhibit fewer behavioral problems in school, due to a greater sense of responsibility.
Children living in poverty have the same relative intelligence scores as their more advantaged peers.
Poor children get sick more often than other children.
Low-income children usually keep pace with their peers along Piaget's developmental track.
Some children from low-income families do well, while others fail to thrive. According to your text, this is most likely because of ________.
Piaget's first stage of moral development is called moral realism.
Indifference and lack of warmth from parents are correlated with physical aggression in children.
The real key to self-esteem is the relationship between what a child wishes and what he is actually able to accomplish.
The effects of poverty cross all barriers and are unaffected by the presence or absence of other stressors.
Self-care is associated with more negative outcomes when the self-care children live in high crime, high poverty neighborhoods.
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