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Learning Objectives

1.Summarize the changes in growth and motor development in preschool children.
2.List and describe the developmental milestones of the brain and the nervous system in early childhood.
3.Identify the most common health issues of children in early childhood.
4.Summarize the research on sleep problems in early childhood.
5.Summarize the issues involved in abuse and neglect of children.
6.Describe Piaget's view of cognitive development during the preschool period.
7.List and describe five kinds of play behaviors.
8.Summarize the challenges to Piaget's view.
9.Summarize the research on theories of mind.
10.Describe the alternative theories of early childhood thinking.
11.Explain how preschoolers use fast-mapping to increase their vocabularies.
12.Summarize the increase in grammar in the preschool years.
13.Describe the development of phonological awareness in the preschool years.
14.Identify the issues involved in measuring intelligence.
15.Describe the issues surrounding the origins of the differences in intelligence.
16.State the pros and cons involved in using the computer to teach young children.
17.Summarize the research findings on racial differences in IQ.
18.Identify the pros and cons of intelligence testing of preschool children.
19.Summarize the key points of the psychoanalytic theories that are relevant to early childhood.
20.Summarize the key points of the social-cognitive perspective that are relevant to early childhood.
21.Describe how racial attitudes may be formed in the preschool classroom.
22.Describe the preschool-aged child's attachment to his or her parents.
23.Discuss the impact of styles of parenting on the social and personality development of the preschool child.
24.Summarize the research on spanking children.
25.Identify the ethnicity and socioeconomic variables that interact with parenting styles.
26.Explain how the structure of children's families may influence their development.
27.Describe the impact of divorce on children in the preschool years.
28.Identify explanations for the effects of family structure and divorce.
29.Trace a child's changing relationship with his or her peers through play.
30.Identify the key factors in aggressive behavior in preschool children.
31.Trace the development of prosocial behavior through the preschool years.
32.Explain the relationship between a young child's temperament and his or her developing personality.
33.Trace the development of the self-concept during early childhood.
34.Distinguish among the theories explaining gender concept and sex-role development.
35.Identify the steps in the development of gender constancy.
36.Describe how preschoolers acquire knowledge of sex roles.
37.Describe the sex-typed behavior of young children.

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