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This activity contains 23 questions.
________ suggests that the ability and need to form an attachment relationship early in life is a genetic characteristic of all human beings.
The subject relations model
Maia feels a great deal of affection for her daughter. Developmentalists call this feeling ________.
an affectional bond
Which of the following is true regarding the bonds between parents and children?
Bonding is dependent upon contact immediately after birth.
Because fathers rough-house, they tend to have weaker attachment bonds than mothers, who do more direct nurturing.
Fathers have the same repertoire of attachment behaviors as mothers do.
Babies have difficulty communicating with parents because they do not develop synchrony until at least 6 months of age.
Tammy and her mother went to the circus. A clown wearing stilts approached them. Tammy had never seen such a thing. When her mother began to laugh at the clown, Tammy looked warily at her mother then began her own uneasy laughter. This is an example of ________.
Thadeus plays next to his mother on the floor with no problem when they are waiting to see the doctor. If a stranger enters the waiting room, Thad seems a little unsure, at first. Then he returns to his toys without showing any particular anxiety. He has even been known to approach a total stranger and offer a toy. Developmentalists would consider Thad to be ________.
All of the following are factors that affect attachment, EXCEPT:
number of siblings in the family
socio-economic status of the parents
parents' marital status
psychiatric health of the mother
In cross-cultural studies, ________ was shown to produce the smallest number of avoidant attachments.
Grayson seems to be a happy baby. She doesn't seem to mind trying new foods and she has a fairly regular sleeping and eating pattern. According to your text, Grayson would be considered a(n) ________ child.
________ is a pattern of responding to people and objects in the environment.
Betsy is a shy, quiet child. She likes to play alone in her swing or in her bed. Because of her shyness, she tends to gravitate toward solitary activities. Some developmentalists would suggest that Betsy's preference is actually ________.
Another name for the subjective self is ________.
the differential self
the personal self
the perceptive self
the existential self
With regard to gender differences in temperament, which statement is true?
People tend to perceive larger differences than actually exist.
There do not seem to be any clear differences between the temperaments of boys and girls.
Parents of an active boy are usually less tolerant of his behavior than if he were a girl.
Boys tend to use more gestures and language to express emotions than what girls use.
Understanding that one is defined by various categories such as gender or qualities such as attractiveness is the essence of the ________.
About what percentage of children (of working mothers) are actually placed in a
day care center
Which statement is true regarding attachment and child care?
Children who are in day care tend to have fewer social difficulties.
Research has been unable to find any correlation between day care and the quality of attachment relationships.
Studies suggest that children in day care tend to be less aggressive than their peers.
Children placed in day care at an early age are more likely to be insecurely attached.
The emotional tie to a parent that an infant experiences is called attachment.
Fathers are less likely to foster secure attachment because they tend to rough-house with their children.
Stranger anxiety is rare before about 5-6 months of age.
Emotional availability is rare for mothers of securely attached infants.
Maternal depression does not guarantee an insecure attachment.
The inborn predispositions that form the basis for personality are called demeanor.
Dopamine and serotonin are neurotransmitters that are associated with temperament, by way of their functions in regulating the brain's responses to various stimuli.
The emotional self begins to develop as early as 2-3 weeks of age.
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