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Learning Objectives

1.Trace the development of the brain and the nervous system during the first two years.
2.Summarize the research about the effects of television on the developing brain.
3.Describe the reflexes and behavioral states of an infant.
4.Describe the development of muscles, bones, lungs, and the heart, and their impact on motor skills during infancy.
5.Identify the health issues of infants.
6.Identify the factors influencing infant mortality.
7.Trace the development of vision during infancy.
8.Trace the development of hearing and the other senses.
9.Summarize the arguments about perceptual development for the nativist position, the empiricist position, and the interactionist position.
10.Describe the "looking" behavior of infants.
11.Summarize the research on babies' preferences for attractive faces.
12.Describe the "listening" behavior of infants.
13.Explain the importance of intersensory integration and cross-modal transfer.
14.Summarize the research on when preterm infants catch up with full-term infants.
15.Summarize the research on what babies learn from watching television.
16.Explain Piaget's view of sensorimotor intelligence.
17.Identify the challenges to Piaget's view.
18.Summarize the alternative approaches to Piaget's research.
19.Give examples of the ways infants learn through classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and modeling.
20.Give examples of schematic learning.
21.Summarize the recent research on infants' memory.
22.Distinguish among the theoretical perspectives of the development of language.
23.Explain the eclectic approach to language development.
24.Summarize the research on the importance of reading to toddlers.
25.Trace the pattern of pre-language development in infants.
26.Summarize the research on language of children of deaf parents.
27.Describe the research about the infant's first words.
28.Describe the development of a child's first sentences.
29.Discuss the research about individual differences in language development.
30.Summarize the advantages and disadvantages of learning two languages.
31.Describe the cross-cultural similarities and differences in language development in infancy.
32.Summarize the research on measuring intelligence in infancy.

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