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Practice Test



This activity contains 23 questions.

Question 1.
The part of the personality that includes a person's basic sexual drives and aggressive impulses is called the ________.

 
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Question 2.
Freud believed that we have an instinctive drive to seek physical pleasure that motivates most all human behavior. This drive is what Freud called the ________.

 
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Question 3.
Kara ordered a huge hot fudge sundae for dessert. She said that it was no big deal because she had eaten a low calorie lunch. Kara's justification is called ________.

 
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Question 4.
According to Erikson, a child's first life crisis is ________.

 
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Question 5.
One key difference between the theories of Freud and Erikson is:

 
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Question 6.
________ is the theoretical view of human development that focuses on changes in behavior that are environmentally driven.

 
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Question 7.
Pavlov discovered that dogs can be taught to respond to various noises in the same manner they respond to the sight of food. This was the foundation of ________.

 
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Question 8.
________ is the learning approach proposed by B.F. Skinner that involves behavior and its consequences, such as rewards and punishments.

 
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Question 9.
Janie made straight As on her report card. Her parents told her that she does not have to do any household chores until her next report card comes out. This is an example of ________.

 
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Question 10.
When Lauren broke her brother's pencil on purpose, her mother swatted her on her bottom. This is an example of ________.

 
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Question 11.
________ is the reinforcement of intermediate steps until an individual learns a complex behavior.

 
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Question 12.
________ is learning that results from watching someone else be rewarded or punished for a particular behavior.

 
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Question 13.
The first stage of Piaget's theory of cognitive development is called ________.

 
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Question 14.
________ theory attempts to explain how the mind manages information, such as the functions of memory.

 
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Question 15.
When the methods and concepts of the biological sciences are used to study society it is called ________.

 
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Question 16.
Freud suggested that the conscience develops as part of the superego.

   
 
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Question 17.
Even though Juan accused Mario of cheating on the test, he was actually cheating, himself. Juan was projecting.

   
 
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Question 18.
Erikson felt that Freud spent too much time focusing on social issues and not enough on sexuality.

   
 
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Question 19.
Behaviorism, as a theory, was developed by Ivan Pavlov.

   
 
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Question 20.
Classical conditioning involves behavior and it's consequences, such as punishment.

   
 
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Question 21.
Equilibration is the process of finding a balance between the processes of assimilation and accommodation to create schemes that fit the environment.

   
 
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Question 22.
The way we organize information for storage in the memory is through encoding.

   
 
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Question 23.
Nativism is the belief that certain aspects of human nature depend upon environmental and cultural influences within geographic areas.

   
 
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