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Chapter 15: Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood
This activity contains 23 questions.
Which of the following is the general term for the years in middle or late adulthood when men and women experience a decline or loss of reproductive capacity?
Because of similar symptoms and similar brain activity, women who suffer from sleep deprivation due to menopausal symptoms are sometimes misdiagnosed as suffering from ________.
generalized anxiety disorder
One recommendation for women who are not interested or able to have hormone replacement therapy is to try another class of drugs, antidepressants called ________.
Which racial or ethnic group is at greatest risk of osteoporosis?
Jonathan is 82 years old. He has difficulty hearing now, especially high frequencies. He probably has an age-related condition known as _________.
The key ingredient in type A personality that is linked to cardiovascular disease is ________.
high blood pressure
a of time urgency
Which of the following statements accurately describes the relationship between alcohol consuption and heart disease?
Alcohol consumption is one of the leading causes of CVD.
Moderate drinking, especially wine, decreases the risk of CVD.
Research regarding alcohol and CVD has been mixed and controversial.
Heavy drinking is not linked to CVD, provided that consumption is limited to beer and wine.
Which of the following is the leading cause of death in middle age?
H. pylori infections
Jack is 45 years old. He is hypertensive, which puts him at greater risk for ________.
Addictive disorders are commonly diagnosed in middle adulthood and they generally begin ________.
with what is called asocial drinking
in young or middle adulthood
in adolescence or young adulthood
Which of the following statements accurately describes the relationship between health and cognitive functioning?
Cognitive ability is like the body—for maximum function it needs exercise.
Declines on intelligence tests have been shown among diabetics at a rate much higher than the general population.
Physical exercise has no confirmed relationship to intelligence.
People with asthma or other problems associated with poor maximum oxygen uptake tend to have poor memories.
One reason it is difficult to accurately gauge the memory declines in middle-aged people is because:
most studies focus on correlative research.
middle-aged people compensate by using cues.
it is difficult to get a reasonable sample size of younger adults for comparison studies.
middle-aged people tend to decline to participate in such experiments.
Marilyn can remember the capital of every state. She never forgets anyone's birthday and rarely forgets a name. She can even name the U.S. Presidents in order! Marilyn has excellent ________ memory.
Chances are you remember where you were when you first heard that planes had struck the World Trade Towers and Pentagon. This type of memory is called ________.
Studies have repeatedly shown that creative people usually produce their best work around the age of ________.
Cognitive tasks activate a larger area of the brain in middle-aged adults than in young adults.
About ¾ of men suffering from erectile dysfunction show marked improvement with reductions in body fat.
Osteoporosis in women has been linked to changes in thyroid function.
Phyllis is 44 and has trouble seeing near objects. Chances are, she suffers from an age-related condition known as presbyopia.
The fibrous or fatty substance that clogs the arteries is called arterial debris.
In industrialized nations, the second leading cause of death in middle age is cancer.
African Americans have higher rates of cancer and lower survival rates than Caucasians have.
Visual memory actually increases with age.
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