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Chapter Practice Test

This activity contains 17 questions.

Question 1
1 Every day the kidneys filter nearly __________ of fluid from the bloodstream.
End of Question 1

Question 2
2 The perirenal fat capsule is a transparent capsule that prevents infections in surrounding regions from spreading to the kidney.
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Question 3
3 The __________ is the darker, reddish-brown area of the kidney that exhibits cone-shaped tissue masses called renal pyramids.
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Question 4
4 Under normal resting conditions, the __________ arteries deliver one-fourth of the total cardiac output (about 1200 ml) to the kidneys each minute.
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Question 5
5 __________ are the structural and functional units of the kidneys, which carry out the processes that form urine.
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Question 6
6 In what part of the nephron is plasma filtered?
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Question 7
7 The net filtration pressure (NFP) is the chief force pushing water and solutes out of the blood and across the filtration membrane.
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Question 8
8 In situations where there is an extreme change of blood pressure (e.g., mean arterial pressure of less than 80 mm Hg), extrinsic controls take precedence over intrinsic blood pressure controls.
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Question 9
9 Which of the following homeostatic imbalances is indicative that glomerular blood pressure may be too low to cause filtration?
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Question 10
10 The reason glucose is detected in the urine of individuals with uncontrolled diabetes is because __________.
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Question 11
11 Water can leave the ascending limb of the loop of Henle.
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Question 12
12 Tubular secretion is important for all EXCEPT which of the following?
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Question 13
13 The descending limb of the loop of Henle is relatively impermeable to solutes and freely permeable to water.
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Question 14
14 Alcohol and many drugs prescribed for hypertension are all examples of diuretics.
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Question 15
15 Which of the following is NOT a physical characteristic of freshly voided urine in a healthy person?
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Question 16
16 The urethra has two functions in men, but only one in women.
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Question 17
17 Which of the following is NOT one of the most common causes of incontinence in adults?
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